Liu, A. Y. and M. L. Cohen (1992). "Theoretical study of a hypothetical metallic phase of carbon." Physical Review B 45(9): 4579-4581.

We have studied the structural properties and electronic structure of a hypothetical, all-sp2 phase of carbon using the first-principles pseudopotential total-energy method. The phase, called bct-4 C, is found to be a low-compressibility metal. Because of the nearly perfect lattice match with the diamond (100) surface, we suggest that it may be possible to epitaxially grow bct-4 C on the diamond (100) surface.